Skin Avulsion: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments

Skin avulsion is a serious injury in which the skin is partially or completely torn away. These wounds can bleed excessively and quickly and should be treated right away. You should immediately call emergency services and try to control the bleeding. This article discusses the causes, symptoms, and treatments of skin avulsion. Keep reading!

Symptoms of skin avulsion

Skin avulsion occurs when a serious injury causes your skin to tear off a certain area. It is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Bleed.
  • Burning sensation around the wound.
  • Painful swelling.
  • Redness of the skin.
  • Pus discharge.
  • Bruising.
  • Muscle strain.
  • Difficulty moving the limb.
  • Lame or unable to walk (if not your leg).
  • Pain that spreads to the area around the avulsion.

A variety of factors can cause skin avulsion. Read the next section for more information.

What Causes Skin Avulsion?

A variety of events can cause a serious injury, such as skin avulsion. Among which:

  • explosions
  • accidents
  • gunshots
  • animal bites
  • Injuries to industrial equipment

Now that you know the main causes of skin avulsion, let’s look at how it can be treated in the next section.

How to treat skin avulsion?

Skin avulsion can be treated by following some home care tips and taking certain medications.

home care

  • Wash and disinfect the wound, removing unwanted dirt and debris.
  • Apply pressure and lift the wound to stop the bleeding.
  • Wrap a clean bandage around the wound.
  • Keep the wound and dressing clean and dry for at least a week. Also, be sure to get plenty of nutrition and relaxation for faster healing.

Some wounds can be treated at home without the need for a doctor. Seek medical attention if the damage is significant.


People can take over-the-counter medications during the healing phase to minimize inflammation and uncomfortable symptoms. Avoid aspirin as it can cause bleeding and slow the healing process.
For people with severe or infected wounds, a health care provider may prescribe stronger pain medications.
Topical antibiotics can be used for minor cuts and scrapes. However, if the wound has a high risk of developing an infection, a health care provider may prescribe oral antibiotics.

dr. Daniel BoyerMD, author at Farr Institute, suggests the following steps to treat a skin avulsion:

  • Let the skin heal on its own.
  • If the wound is small, let the edges of the wound adhere together.
  • The doctor can reattach the avulsed skin and transplant the skin over the wound.

Not all skin conditions can be treated at home. Some of them need immediate medical attention. Keep scrolling to see when to see a doctor.

When to seek medical advice?

Call your healthcare provider right away if any of these occur:

  • The wound pain increases, or you develop new pain.
  • You notice redness, swelling, or pus on the wound.
  • You get a high fever.
  • You have difficulty moving the injured area.
  • The stitches will come off before your next appointment.
  • The wound edges look as if they are opening again.
  • The wound splits open or does not heal.
  • Uncontrolled bleeding.
  • The wound becomes infected.

Board-certified dermatologist and medical advisor dr. Jen Haley adds, “If you suffer from a severe skin avulsion, you should seek immediate medical attention to prevent further damage to your skin. Avulsion injuries almost always require medical care, and you will need to be assessed to see if you need surgery.” have.”

The last takeaway

Skin avulsions can be excruciatingly painful and take longer to heal.
Prevention is always better than cure when it comes to exposed wounds and infections. Make sure your environment is free of hazards and that sharp objects are handled with care to avoid such perforations and wounds.
Knowing how to treat a wound in the event of an accident can help control a skin avulsion and prevent infection. Seek immediate medical attention if you are seriously injured.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does a piece of skin grow back?

New skin will grow as long as some layers of skin remain in place. The injury heals from within. Fat and muscle may be visible when all layers of skin have been removed by a cut or abrasion (a full-thickness avulsion wound).

What is the difference between avulsion and rupture?

An avulsion is caused by tearing away of the skin and underlying tissue, which may be partial or complete. Avulsions are most common in violent incidents, including car accidents, explosions, and gunfire. They bleed profusely and quickly.
Cuts are severe cuts or tears in the skin. Cuts are often caused by accidents with knives, tools and machines. Deep cuts can lead to rapid and significant bleeding.

What is a finger avulsion?

Finger avulsion is a rare and serious injury. Avulsion caused on the finger when a ring is pulled off forcefully is called finger avulsion. It can cause a wide spectrum of damage, ranging from a simple contusion to traumatic amputation (1).

Key learning points

  • An injury in which the top layer of the skin is partially or completely pulled away is skin avulsion.
  • Explosions, gunshots, animal bites and injuries to industrial equipment can lead to skin damage.
  • You can manage a skin avulsion and prevent infection if you know how to treat a wound.
  • However, if you sustain a serious injury, seek immediate medical attention.